6 月 022018
 

Ubuntu16.04部署ethereum接口服务节点

更新仓库索引

root@localhost:~# apt update
Hit:1 http://mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com/ubuntu xenial InRelease
Hit:2 http://mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com/ubuntu xenial-updates InRelease
Hit:3 http://mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com/ubuntu xenial-security InRelease
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
69 packages can be upgraded. Run 'apt list --upgradable' to see them.
root@localhost:~#

安装软件管理工具

root@localhost:~# apt-get install software-properties-common
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
linux-headers-4.4.0-87 linux-headers-4.4.0-87-generic
linux-image-4.4.0-87-generic linux-image-extra-4.4.0-87-generic
Use 'apt autoremove' to remove them.
The following additional packages will be installed:
python3-pycurl python3-software-properties unattended-upgrades
Suggested packages:
libcurl4-gnutls-dev python-pycurl-doc python3-pycurl-dbg bsd-mailx
The following NEW packages will be installed:
python3-pycurl python3-software-properties software-properties-common
unattended-upgrades
0 upgraded, 4 newly installed, 0 to remove and 69 not upgraded.
Need to get 104 kB of archives.
After this operation, 799 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n]

添加软件源仓库

root@localhost:~# add-apt-repository ppa:ethereum/ethereum

More info: https://launchpad.net/~ethereum/+archive/ubuntu/ethereum
Press [ENTER] to continue or ctrl-c to cancel adding it

gpg: keyring `/tmp/tmpgbqt2ny9/secring.gpg' created
gpg: keyring `/tmp/tmpgbqt2ny9/pubring.gpg' created
gpg: requesting key 923F6CA9 from hkp server keyserver.ubuntu.com
gpg: /tmp/tmpgbqt2ny9/trustdb.gpg: trustdb created
gpg: key 923F6CA9: public key "Launchpad PPA for Ethereum" imported
gpg: Total number processed: 1
gpg: imported: 1 (RSA: 1)
OK
root@localhost:~#

更新仓库索引

root@localhost:~# apt-get update
Hit:1 http://mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com/ubuntu xenial InRelease
Hit:2 http://mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com/ubuntu xenial-updates InRelease
Hit:3 http://mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com/ubuntu xenial-security InRelease
Get:4 http://ppa.launchpad.net/ethereum/ethereum/ubuntu xenial InRelease [17.5 kB]
Get:5 http://ppa.launchpad.net/ethereum/ethereum/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 Packages [5,944 B]
Get:6 http://ppa.launchpad.net/ethereum/ethereum/ubuntu xenial/main i386 Packages [5,956 B]
Get:7 http://ppa.launchpad.net/ethereum/ethereum/ubuntu xenial/main Translation-en [2,936 B]
Fetched 32.4 kB in 2s (12.3 kB/s)
Reading package lists... Done
root@localhost:~#

缺乏依赖 (跳过)

root@localhost:~# apt-get install cpp-ethereum
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
Some packages could not be installed. This may mean that you have
requested an impossible situation or if you are using the unstable
distribution that some required packages have not yet been created
or been moved out of Incoming.
The following information may help to resolve the situation:

The following packages have unmet dependencies:
cpp-ethereum : Depends: alethzero but it is not going to be installed
Depends: mix-ide but it is not going to be installed
E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages.
root@localhost:~#

选用geth版本进行安装

root@localhost:~# apt-get install ethereum
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
linux-headers-4.4.0-87 linux-headers-4.4.0-87-generic
linux-image-4.4.0-87-generic linux-image-extra-4.4.0-87-generic
Use 'apt autoremove' to remove them.
The following additional packages will be installed:
abigen bootnode evm geth puppeth rlpdump swarm wnode
The following NEW packages will be installed:
abigen bootnode ethereum evm geth puppeth rlpdump swarm wnode
0 upgraded, 9 newly installed, 0 to remove and 69 not upgraded.
Need to get 22.8 MB of archives.
After this operation, 86.1 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n]

查看安装路径

root@localhost:~# dpkg -L geth
/.
/usr
/usr/bin
/usr/bin/geth
/usr/share
/usr/share/doc
/usr/share/doc/geth
/usr/share/doc/geth/changelog.gz
/usr/share/doc/geth/AUTHORS.gz
/usr/share/doc/geth/copyright
root@localhost:~#

geth用法参数

root@localhost:~# geth --help
NAME:
geth - the go-ethereum command line interface

Copyright 2013-2018 The go-ethereum Authors

USAGE:
geth [options] command [command options] [arguments...]

VERSION:
1.8.12-stable-37685930

COMMANDS:
account Manage accounts
attach Start an interactive JavaScript environment (connect to node)
bug opens a window to report a bug on the geth repo
console Start an interactive JavaScript environment
copydb Create a local chain from a target chaindata folder
dump Dump a specific block from storage
dumpconfig Show configuration values
export Export blockchain into file
export-preimages Export the preimage database into an RLP stream
import Import a blockchain file
import-preimages Import the preimage database from an RLP stream
init Bootstrap and initialize a new genesis block
js Execute the specified JavaScript files
license Display license information
makecache Generate ethash verification cache (for testing)
makedag Generate ethash mining DAG (for testing)
monitor Monitor and visualize node metrics
removedb Remove blockchain and state databases
version Print version numbers
wallet Manage Ethereum presale wallets
help, h Shows a list of commands or help for one command

ETHEREUM OPTIONS:
--config value TOML configuration file
--datadir "/root/.ethereum" Data directory for the databases and keystore
--keystore Directory for the keystore (default = inside the datadir)
--nousb Disables monitoring for and managing USB hardware wallets
--networkid value Network identifier (integer, 1=Frontier, 2=Morden (disused), 3=Ropsten, 4=Rinkeby) (default: 1)
--testnet Ropsten network: pre-configured proof-of-work test network
--rinkeby Rinkeby network: pre-configured proof-of-authority test network
--syncmode "fast" Blockchain sync mode ("fast", "full", or "light")
--gcmode value Blockchain garbage collection mode ("full", "archive") (default: "full")
--ethstats value Reporting URL of a ethstats service (nodename:secret@host:port)
--identity value Custom node name
--lightserv value Maximum percentage of time allowed for serving LES requests (0-90) (default: 0)
--lightpeers value Maximum number of LES client peers (default: 100)
--lightkdf Reduce key-derivation RAM & CPU usage at some expense of KDF strength

DEVELOPER CHAIN OPTIONS:
--dev Ephemeral proof-of-authority network with a pre-funded developer account, mining enabled
--dev.period value Block period to use in developer mode (0 = mine only if transaction pending) (default: 0)

ETHASH OPTIONS:
--ethash.cachedir Directory to store the ethash verification caches (default = inside the datadir)
--ethash.cachesinmem value Number of recent ethash caches to keep in memory (16MB each) (default: 2)
--ethash.cachesondisk value Number of recent ethash caches to keep on disk (16MB each) (default: 3)
--ethash.dagdir "/root/.ethash" Directory to store the ethash mining DAGs (default = inside home folder)
--ethash.dagsinmem value Number of recent ethash mining DAGs to keep in memory (1+GB each) (default: 1)
--ethash.dagsondisk value Number of recent ethash mining DAGs to keep on disk (1+GB each) (default: 2)

TRANSACTION POOL OPTIONS:
--txpool.nolocals Disables price exemptions for locally submitted transactions
--txpool.journal value Disk journal for local transaction to survive node restarts (default: "transactions.rlp")
--txpool.rejournal value Time interval to regenerate the local transaction journal (default: 1h0m0s)
--txpool.pricelimit value Minimum gas price limit to enforce for acceptance into the pool (default: 1)
--txpool.pricebump value Price bump percentage to replace an already existing transaction (default: 10)
--txpool.accountslots value Minimum number of executable transaction slots guaranteed per account (default: 16)
--txpool.globalslots value Maximum number of executable transaction slots for all accounts (default: 4096)
--txpool.accountqueue value Maximum number of non-executable transaction slots permitted per account (default: 64)
--txpool.globalqueue value Maximum number of non-executable transaction slots for all accounts (default: 1024)
--txpool.lifetime value Maximum amount of time non-executable transaction are queued (default: 3h0m0s)

PERFORMANCE TUNING OPTIONS:
--cache value Megabytes of memory allocated to internal caching (default: 1024)
--cache.database value Percentage of cache memory allowance to use for database io (default: 75)
--cache.gc value Percentage of cache memory allowance to use for trie pruning (default: 25)
--trie-cache-gens value Number of trie node generations to keep in memory (default: 120)

ACCOUNT OPTIONS:
--unlock value Comma separated list of accounts to unlock
--password value Password file to use for non-interactive password input

API AND CONSOLE OPTIONS:
--rpc Enable the HTTP-RPC server
--rpcaddr value HTTP-RPC server listening interface (default: "localhost")
--rpcport value HTTP-RPC server listening port (default: 8545)
--rpcapi value API's offered over the HTTP-RPC interface
--ws Enable the WS-RPC server
--wsaddr value WS-RPC server listening interface (default: "localhost")
--wsport value WS-RPC server listening port (default: 8546)
--wsapi value API's offered over the WS-RPC interface
--wsorigins value Origins from which to accept websockets requests
--ipcdisable Disable the IPC-RPC server
--ipcpath Filename for IPC socket/pipe within the datadir (explicit paths escape it)
--rpccorsdomain value Comma separated list of domains from which to accept cross origin requests (browser enforced)
--rpcvhosts value Comma separated list of virtual hostnames from which to accept requests (server enforced). Accepts '*' wildcard. (default: "localhost")
--jspath loadScript JavaScript root path for loadScript (default: ".")
--exec value Execute JavaScript statement
--preload value Comma separated list of JavaScript files to preload into the console

NETWORKING OPTIONS:
--bootnodes value Comma separated enode URLs for P2P discovery bootstrap (set v4+v5 instead for light servers)
--bootnodesv4 value Comma separated enode URLs for P2P v4 discovery bootstrap (light server, full nodes)
--bootnodesv5 value Comma separated enode URLs for P2P v5 discovery bootstrap (light server, light nodes)
--port value Network listening port (default: 30303)
--maxpeers value Maximum number of network peers (network disabled if set to 0) (default: 25)
--maxpendpeers value Maximum number of pending connection attempts (defaults used if set to 0) (default: 0)
--nat value NAT port mapping mechanism (any|none|upnp|pmp|extip:<IP>) (default: "any")
--nodiscover Disables the peer discovery mechanism (manual peer addition)
--v5disc Enables the experimental RLPx V5 (Topic Discovery) mechanism
--netrestrict value Restricts network communication to the given IP networks (CIDR masks)
--nodekey value P2P node key file
--nodekeyhex value P2P node key as hex (for testing)

MINER OPTIONS:
--mine Enable mining
--minerthreads value Number of CPU threads to use for mining (default: 2)
--etherbase value Public address for block mining rewards (default = first account created) (default: "0")
--targetgaslimit value Target gas limit sets the artificial target gas floor for the blocks to mine (default: 4712388)
--gasprice "18000000000" Minimal gas price to accept for mining a transactions
--extradata value Block extra data set by the miner (default = client version)

GAS PRICE ORACLE OPTIONS:
--gpoblocks value Number of recent blocks to check for gas prices (default: 20)
--gpopercentile value Suggested gas price is the given percentile of a set of recent transaction gas prices (default: 60)

VIRTUAL MACHINE OPTIONS:
--vmdebug Record information useful for VM and contract debugging

LOGGING AND DEBUGGING OPTIONS:
--fakepow Disables proof-of-work verification
--nocompaction Disables db compaction after import
--verbosity value Logging verbosity: 0=silent, 1=error, 2=warn, 3=info, 4=debug, 5=detail (default: 3)
--vmodule value Per-module verbosity: comma-separated list of <pattern>=<level> (e.g. eth/*=5,p2p=4)
--backtrace value Request a stack trace at a specific logging statement (e.g. "block.go:271")
--debug Prepends log messages with call-site location (file and line number)
--pprof Enable the pprof HTTP server
--pprofaddr value pprof HTTP server listening interface (default: "127.0.0.1")
--pprofport value pprof HTTP server listening port (default: 6060)
--memprofilerate value Turn on memory profiling with the given rate (default: 524288)
--blockprofilerate value Turn on block profiling with the given rate (default: 0)
--cpuprofile value Write CPU profile to the given file
--trace value Write execution trace to the given file

METRICS AND STATS OPTIONS:
--metrics Enable metrics collection and reporting
--metrics.influxdb Enable metrics export/push to an external InfluxDB database
--metrics.influxdb.endpoint value InfluxDB API endpoint to report metrics to (default: "http://localhost:8086")
--metrics.influxdb.database value InfluxDB database name to push reported metrics to (default: "geth")
--metrics.influxdb.username value Username to authorize access to the database (default: "test")
--metrics.influxdb.password value Password to authorize access to the database (default: "test")
--metrics.influxdb.host.tag host InfluxDB host tag attached to all measurements (default: "localhost")

WHISPER (EXPERIMENTAL) OPTIONS:
--shh Enable Whisper
--shh.maxmessagesize value Max message size accepted (default: 1048576)
--shh.pow value Minimum POW accepted (default: 0.2)

DEPRECATED OPTIONS:
--fast Enable fast syncing through state downloads (replaced by --syncmode)
--light Enable light client mode (replaced by --syncmode)

MISC OPTIONS:
--help, -h show help


COPYRIGHT:
Copyright 2013-2018 The go-ethereum Authors

root@localhost:~#

启动服务

tom@localhost:~$ nohup geth --datadir "/data/ethereum" --cache 1024 \
--port 30303 --syncmode "fast" \
--rpc --rpcaddr 10.20.30.40 --rpcport 8545 \
--rpcapi "db,eth,net,web3,personal" &

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