6月 082019
 

主机清单

Jenkins (18.163.103.73/Hong Kong)
Gitlab (45.32.95.186/Los Angeles)
www (45.77.85.36/Los Angeles)
client (136.244.67.202/London)

为已完成的Jenkins安装必要插件

Locale
This plugin lets you control the language of Jenkins.

Publish Over SSH
Send build artifacts over SSH

修改语言设置(强制显示英语)

配置git路径

Jenkins > Global Tool Configuration > Git
Path to Git executable /usr/sbin/git

为PHP项目Wordpress准备LAMP运行环境

查看系统原生PHP及MySQL版本

[root@www ~]# yum info php
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: repos-lax.psychz.net
 * extras: repos-lax.psychz.net
 * updates: repos-lax.psychz.net
Available Packages
Name        : php
Arch        : x86_64
Version     : 5.4.16
Release     : 46.1.el7_7
Size        : 1.4 M
Repo        : updates/7/x86_64
Summary     : PHP scripting language for creating dynamic web sites
URL         : http://www.php.net/
License     : PHP and Zend and BSD
Description : PHP is an HTML-embedded scripting language. PHP attempts to make
            : it easy for developers to write dynamically generated web pages.
            : PHP also offers built-in database integration for several
            : commercial and non-commercial database management systems, so
            : writing a database-enabled webpage with PHP is fairly simple. The
            : most common use of PHP coding is probably as a replacement for CGI
            : scripts.
            :
            : The php package contains the module (often referred to as mod_php)
            : which adds support for the PHP language to Apache HTTP Server.

[root@www ~]# yum info mariadb-server
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: repos-lax.psychz.net
 * extras: repos-lax.psychz.net
 * updates: repos-lax.psychz.net
Available Packages
Name        : mariadb-server
Arch        : x86_64
Epoch       : 1
Version     : 5.5.64
Release     : 1.el7
Size        : 11 M
Repo        : base/7/x86_64
Summary     : The MariaDB server and related files
URL         : http://mariadb.org
License     : GPLv2 with exceptions and LGPLv2 and BSD
Description : MariaDB is a multi-user, multi-threaded SQL database server. It is
            : a client/server implementation consisting of a server daemon
            : (mysqld) and many different client programs and libraries. This
            : package contains the MariaDB server and some accompanying files
            : and directories. MariaDB is a community developed branch of MySQL.

[root@www ~]#

配置PHP7.4 / MySQL 5.6环境

[root@www ~]# yum -y install http://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/remi-release-7.rpm
[root@www ~]# yum makecache

[root@www ~]# yum -y install https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql80-community-release-el7-3.noarch.rpm
[root@www ~]# yum makecache

修改MySQL YUM仓库配置文件,启用MySQL5.6版本

[root@www ~]# vi /etc/yum.repos.d/mysql-community.repo
# Enable to use MySQL 5.6
[mysql56-community]
name=MySQL 5.6 Community Server
baseurl=http://repo.mysql.com/yum/mysql-5.6-community/el/7/$basearch/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-mysql
[root@www ~]# yum makecache

执行环境安装

[root@www ~]# yum install httpd php74-php php74-php-pdo php74-php-pecl-mysql php74-php-gd mysql-community-server mysql-community-client

查看php版本信息

[root@www ~]# php74 -v
PHP 7.4.3 (cli) (built: Feb 18 2020 11:53:05) ( NTS )
Copyright (c) The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.4.0, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies
[root@www ~]#

启动Apache服务

[root@www ~]# systemctl enable httpd
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/httpd.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service.
[root@www ~]# systemctl start httpd
[root@www ~]#

准备测试文件

[root@www ~]# echo "<?php phpinfo(); ?>" > /var/www/html/hello.php
[root@www ~]# cat /var/www/html/hello.php 
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
[root@www ~]#

使用浏览器访问测试文件

为Jenkins服务器指向域名

C:\Users\harveymei>ping gitlab.bcoc.site

正在 Ping gitlab.bcoc.site [45.32.95.186] 具有 32 字节的数据:
来自 45.32.95.186 的回复: 字节=32 时间=335ms TTL=44
来自 45.32.95.186 的回复: 字节=32 时间=327ms TTL=44
来自 45.32.95.186 的回复: 字节=32 时间=335ms TTL=44
来自 45.32.95.186 的回复: 字节=32 时间=336ms TTL=44

45.32.95.186 的 Ping 统计信息:
    数据包: 已发送 = 4,已接收 = 4,丢失 = 0 (0% 丢失),
往返行程的估计时间(以毫秒为单位):
    最短 = 327ms,最长 = 336ms,平均 = 333ms

C:\Users\harveymei>

添加YUM仓库

[root@gitlab ~]# curl -sS https://packages.gitlab.com/install/repositories/gitlab/gitlab-ce/script.rpm.sh | sudo bash

执行安装

[root@gitlab ~]# sudo EXTERNAL_URL="https://gitlab.bcoc.site" yum install -y gitlab-ce

提示安装成功

Thank you for installing GitLab!
GitLab should be available at https://gitlab.bcoc.site

使用浏览器访问

配置代码仓库

新建仓库

获取基于https的仓库地址

https://gitlab.bcoc.site/root/wordpress.git

在客户端主机生成密钥对

[root@client ~]# ssh-keygen -t ed25519 -C "harvey.mei@linuxcache.com"
Generating public/private ed25519 key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_ed25519):
Created directory '/root/.ssh'.
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
Enter same passphrase again:
Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_ed25519.
Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_ed25519.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
SHA256:pBZks0rE/4PCRggJjT+QoBjE2k3fK+kh0mc98/HgOvA harvey.mei@linuxcache.com
The key's randomart image is:
+--[ED25519 256]--+
|O* .. +          |
|Oo..oo o         |
|+= +.oo..        |
|. =.o.o+.        |
|   =. o=S.       |
|  . *.O B o      |
|   o * = * +     |
|      . E o .    |
|        .o       |
+----[SHA256]-----+
[root@client ~]# cat .ssh/id_ed25519.pub
ssh-ed25519 AAAAC3NzaC1lZDI1NTE5AAAAIPqeQy7qZvEEcpf+R35DRMB8nXR2nmET049/QJ+z0Qm/ harvey.mei@linuxcache.com
[root@client ~]#

在gitlab用户账户设置中配置密钥

导入公钥详情

安装git命令行工具

[root@client ~]# yum -y install git

克隆远程仓库到本地

[root@client ~]# git config --global user.name "Harvey"
[root@client ~]# git config --global user.email "harvey.mei@linuxcache.com"
[root@client ~]# git clone git@gitlab.bcoc.site:root/wordpress.git
Cloning into 'wordpress'...
The authenticity of host 'gitlab.bcoc.site (45.32.95.186)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:vhmKGmm/onEV47Xe7T4QOr8t8hRfqoJS1sj3WN/T8oc.
ECDSA key fingerprint is MD5:6e:d7:f6:eb:1d:ff:f4:cf:c6:e7:70:da:36:32:ee:26.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'gitlab.bcoc.site,45.32.95.186' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
remote: Enumerating objects: 3, done.
remote: Counting objects: 100% (3/3), done.
remote: Total 3 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 0
Receiving objects: 100% (3/3), done.
[root@client ~]#

[root@client ~]# ls wordpress/
README.md
[root@client ~]#

下载Wordpress并解压至本地仓库目录

[root@client ~]# curl -O https://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100 11.8M  100 11.8M    0     0  8362k      0  0:00:01  0:00:01 --:--:-- 8361k
[root@client ~]# tar xzf latest.tar.gz
[root@client ~]# ls wordpress/
index.php        wp-admin              wp-cron.php        wp-mail.php
license.txt      wp-blog-header.php    wp-includes        wp-settings.php
readme.html      wp-comments-post.php  wp-links-opml.php  wp-signup.php
README.md        wp-config-sample.php  wp-load.php        wp-trackback.php
wp-activate.php  wp-content            wp-login.php       xmlrpc.php
[root@client ~]#

推送源代码至gitlab仓库

[root@client ~]# cd wordpress/
[root@client wordpress]# git add .
[root@client wordpress]# git commit -m "Wordpress 5.3.2"
[root@client wordpress]# git push -u origin master
Counting objects: 2124, done.
Compressing objects: 100% (2085/2085), done.
Writing objects: 100% (2123/2123), 12.10 MiB | 4.41 MiB/s, done.
Total 2123 (delta 213), reused 0 (delta 0)
remote: Resolving deltas: 100% (213/213), done.
To git@gitlab.bcoc.site:root/wordpress.git
   73d3e3f..c52a7e6  master -> master
Branch master set up to track remote branch master from origin.
[root@client wordpress]#

在Gitlab查看已推送的代码

配置Jenkins自动化任务

添加目标服务器及配置信息
Jenkins > Manage Jenkins > Configure System > SSH Servers > Add

配置Jenkins访问Gitlab服务器的账户鉴权
Jenkins > Credentials > System > Global credentials(unrestricted) > Add Credentials

新建任务(自由风格项目)

配置Gitlab仓库信息
Jenkisn > PHP > Source Code Management > Git

配置构建信息
Jenkins > PHP > Build > Send files or execute commands over SSH

执行构建任务
Jenkins > PHP > Build Now

查看任务的控制台输出

控制台输出文本信息

Started by user admin
Running as SYSTEM
Building in workspace /var/lib/jenkins/workspace/PHP
using credential 13e0e649-fa87-4a60-8021-85276d986544
> git rev-parse --is-inside-work-tree # timeout=10
Fetching changes from the remote Git repository
> git config remote.origin.url git@gitlab.bcoc.site:root/wordpress.git # timeout=10
Fetching upstream changes from git@gitlab.bcoc.site:root/wordpress.git
> git --version # timeout=10
using GIT_SSH to set credentials Gitlab Account
> git fetch --tags --progress git@gitlab.bcoc.site:root/wordpress.git +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/* # timeout=10
> git rev-parse refs/remotes/origin/master^{commit} # timeout=10
> git rev-parse refs/remotes/origin/origin/master^{commit} # timeout=10
Checking out Revision c52a7e62f3676005177293d706c9d902ee807d99 (refs/remotes/origin/master)
> git config core.sparsecheckout # timeout=10
> git checkout -f c52a7e62f3676005177293d706c9d902ee807d99 # timeout=10
Commit message: "Wordpress 5.3.2"
First time build. Skipping changelog.
SSH: Connecting from host [ip-172-31-32-243.ap-east-1.compute.internal]
SSH: Connecting with configuration [www] ...
SSH: EXEC: STDOUT/STDERR from command [exit 0] ...
SSH: EXEC: completed after 400 ms
SSH: Disconnecting configuration [www] ...
SSH: Transferred 1931 file(s)
Build step 'Send files or execute commands over SSH' changed build result to SUCCESS
Finished: SUCCESS

查看www服务器/var/www/html目录下部署的项目代码

使用浏览器访问

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