1月 222020
 

使用自签证书进行用户身份验证,使用Let’s Encrypt权威证书作为服务器证书

启用内核包转发

[root@ocserv ~]# echo "net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
[root@ocserv ~]# sysctl -p
net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra = 2
net.ipv6.conf.eth0.accept_ra = 2
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1
[root@ocserv ~]#

开启防火墙端口及包转发特性

[root@ocserv ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=443/tcp
success
[root@ocserv ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=443/udp
success
[root@ocserv ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=80/tcp
success
[root@ocserv ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=8080/tcp
success
[root@ocserv ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-masquerade
success
[root@ocserv ~]# firewall-cmd --reload
success
[root@ocserv ~]#

安装ocserv服务包及Let’s Encrypt工具包

[root@ocserv ~]# yum -y install ocserv certbot

使用certbot生成的服务器证书和密钥路径

/etc/letsencrypt/live/ocserv.bcoc.site/fullchain.pem
/etc/letsencrypt/live/ocserv.bcoc.site/privkey.pem

修改ocserv服务端配置

[root@ocserv ~]# vi /etc/ocserv/ocserv.conf

修改认证类型为证书认证

auth = "certificate"

修改服务器证书配置

server-cert = /etc/letsencrypt/live/ocserv.bcoc.site/fullchain.pem
server-key = /etc/letsencrypt/live/ocserv.bcoc.site/privkey.pem

修改用户端证书身份识别

#cert-user-oid = 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.1
cert-user-oid = 2.5.4.3

启用压缩

compression = true
no-compress-limit = 256

设置客户端IPv4地址池

ipv4-network = 192.168.172.0
ipv4-netmask = 255.255.255.0

设置DNS

dns = 8.8.8.8
dns = 8.8.4.4

启动服务

[root@ocserv ~]# systemctl start ocserv

安装Apache服务器,为用户证书提供下载服务

[root@ocserv ~]# yum -y install httpd

修改Apache主配置文件并启动服务

[root@ocserv ~]# vi /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

修改主机名

ServerName ocserv.bcoc.site

修改服务监听端口

#Listen 80
Listen 8080

检查配置并启动服务

[root@ocserv ~]# apachectl -t
Syntax OK
[root@ocserv ~]# systemctl enable httpd
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/httpd.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service.
[root@ocserv ~]# systemctl start httpd
[root@ocserv ~]#

查看监听

使用浏览器访问服务器端口确认证书状态

生成自签CA证书

[root@ocserv ~]# certtool --generate-privkey --outfile ca-key.pem
Generating a 2048 bit RSA private key...
[root@ocserv ~]# cat << _EOF_ >ca.tmpl
> cn = "BCOC CA"
> organization = "BCOC"
> serial = 1
> expiration_days = -1
> ca
> signing_key
> cert_signing_key
> crl_signing_key
> _EOF_
[root@ocserv ~]# certtool --generate-self-signed --load-privkey ca-key.pem \
> --template ca.tmpl --outfile ca-cert.pem

生成自签用户证书

[root@ocserv ~]# certtool --generate-privkey --outfile user-key.pem
Generating a 2048 bit RSA private key...
[root@ocserv ~]# cat << _EOF_ >user.tmpl
> cn = "harveymei"
> unit = "standard"
> expiration_days = 365
> signing_key
> tls_www_client
> _EOF_
[root@ocserv ~]# certtool --generate-certificate --load-privkey user-key.pem \
> --load-ca-certificate ca-cert.pem --load-ca-privkey ca-key.pem \
> --template user.tmpl --outfile user-cert.pem

导出为PKCS12格式,为证书设置密钥(导入证书时需要输入)

[root@ocserv ~]# certtool --to-p12 --load-privkey user-key.pem \
> --pkcs-cipher 3des-pkcs12 \
> --load-certificate user-cert.pem \
> --outfile user.p12 --outder
Generating a PKCS #12 structure...
Loading private key list...
Loaded 1 private keys.
Enter a name for the key: harveymei
Enter password:
Confirm password:
[root@ocserv ~]# ls
ca-cert.pem ca.tmpl user-key.pem user.tmpl
ca-key.pem user-cert.pem user.p12
[root@ocserv ~]#

将用户证书复制到Web Server服务器根目录下以提供证书下载

[root@ocserv ~]# cp user.p12 /var/www/html/

使用自签CA证书覆盖ocserv初始CA证书

[root@ocserv ~]# cp ca-cert.pem /etc/pki/ocserv/cacerts/ca.crt
cp: overwrite ‘/etc/pki/ocserv/cacerts/ca.crt’? y

覆盖CA证书后重新启动ocserv服务

[root@ocserv ~]# systemctl restart ocserv

 

客户端新建连接并导入用户证书

客户端证书下载地址(客户端导入证书需输入密码)
http://ocserv.bcoc.site:8080/user.p12

Windows 10 系统下OpenConnect GUI的设置

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