5 月 272020
 

服务端

DigitalOcean/2Core/2G/60G+100G
165.227.27.221 server1
159.89.152.41 server2
159.89.151.236 server3
167.172.118.183 server4
167.172.126.43 server5
64.225.47.139 server6

客户端

DigitalOcean/2Core/2G/60G
64.225.47.123 server7

查看可用磁盘信息

[root@server1 ~]# df -h
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/vda1        60G  901M   60G   2% /
devtmpfs        897M     0  897M   0% /dev
tmpfs           920M     0  920M   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs           920M   17M  903M   2% /run
tmpfs           920M     0  920M   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/sda        100G   33M  100G   1% /mnt/volume_sfo2_01
tmpfs           184M     0  184M   0% /run/user/0
[root@server1 ~]# 

[root@server2 ~]# df -h
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/vda1        60G  901M   60G   2% /
devtmpfs        897M     0  897M   0% /dev
tmpfs           920M     0  920M   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs           920M   17M  903M   2% /run
tmpfs           920M     0  920M   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/sda        100G   33M  100G   1% /mnt/volume_sfo2_02
tmpfs           184M     0  184M   0% /run/user/0
[root@server2 ~]# 

[root@server3 ~]# df -h
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/vda1        60G  901M   60G   2% /
devtmpfs        897M     0  897M   0% /dev
tmpfs           920M     0  920M   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs           920M   17M  903M   2% /run
tmpfs           920M     0  920M   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/sda        100G   33M  100G   1% /mnt/volume_sfo2_03
tmpfs           184M     0  184M   0% /run/user/0
[root@server3 ~]# 

[root@server4 ~]# df -h
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/vda1        60G  901M   60G   2% /
devtmpfs        897M     0  897M   0% /dev
tmpfs           920M     0  920M   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs           920M   17M  903M   2% /run
tmpfs           920M     0  920M   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/sda        100G   33M  100G   1% /mnt/volume_sfo2_04
tmpfs           184M     0  184M   0% /run/user/0
[root@server4 ~]# 

[root@server5 ~]# df -h
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/vda1        60G  974M   60G   2% /
devtmpfs        897M     0  897M   0% /dev
tmpfs           920M     0  920M   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs           920M   17M  903M   2% /run
tmpfs           920M     0  920M   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/sda        100G   33M  100G   1% /mnt/volume_sfo2_05
tmpfs           184M     0  184M   0% /run/user/0
[root@server5 ~]# 

[root@server6 ~]# df -h
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/vda1        60G  973M   60G   2% /
devtmpfs        897M     0  897M   0% /dev
tmpfs           920M     0  920M   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs           920M   17M  903M   2% /run
tmpfs           920M     0  920M   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/sda        100G   33M  100G   1% /mnt/volume_sfo2_06
tmpfs           184M     0  184M   0% /run/user/0
[root@server6 ~]#

在服务端节点安装并启动GlusterFS服务

sed -i 's/^SELINUX=enforcing$/SELINUX=disabled/' /etc/selinux/config;
yum -y install centos-release-gluster;
yum -y install glusterfs-server;
systemctl enable glusterfsd;
systemctl start glusterfsd;

将节点加入受信存储池(Trusted Pool)

在受信存储池建立,节点间彼此建立通信连接后,只有受信成员节点可以将新节点加入池,新节点不可以直接操作已加入受信存储池的节点。

[root@server1 ~]# gluster peer probe server2
peer probe: success. 
[root@server1 ~]# gluster peer probe server3
peer probe: success. 
[root@server1 ~]# gluster peer probe server4
peer probe: success. 
[root@server1 ~]# gluster peer probe server5
peer probe: success. 
[root@server1 ~]# gluster peer probe server6
peer probe: success. 
[root@server1 ~]# gluster peer status
Number of Peers: 5

Hostname: server2
Uuid: 6231013f-07cc-4701-93b3-34d4c623a890
State: Peer in Cluster (Connected)

Hostname: server3
Uuid: aa808d87-4e7c-4ecd-bcf0-13ea03f844a8
State: Peer in Cluster (Connected)

Hostname: server4
Uuid: d153d847-ad46-4c85-8336-f8e553d5aab6
State: Peer in Cluster (Connected)

Hostname: server5
Uuid: a90c2969-67eb-4792-b5ce-6b4b3d782675
State: Peer in Cluster (Connected)

Hostname: server6
Uuid: 3ed5adc9-d3f7-40eb-8bbd-45f0882f55cd
State: Peer in Cluster (Connected)
[root@server1 ~]#

在节点上创建Brick目录

[root@server1 ~]# mkdir -p /mnt/volume_sfo2_01/brick1
[root@server2 ~]# mkdir -p /mnt/volume_sfo2_02/brick2
[root@server3 ~]# mkdir -p /mnt/volume_sfo2_03/brick3
[root@server4 ~]# mkdir -p /mnt/volume_sfo2_04/brick4
[root@server5 ~]# mkdir -p /mnt/volume_sfo2_05/brick5
[root@server6 ~]# mkdir -p /mnt/volume_sfo2_06/brick6

创建6节点3副本分布式副本卷

gluster volume create data-volume replica 3 transport tcp \
server1:/mnt/volume_sfo2_01/brick1 server2:/mnt/volume_sfo2_02/brick2 \
server3:/mnt/volume_sfo2_03/brick3 server4:/mnt/volume_sfo2_04/brick4 \
server5:/mnt/volume_sfo2_05/brick5 server6:/mnt/volume_sfo2_06/brick6

[root@server1 ~]# gluster volume create data-volume replica 3 transport tcp \
> server1:/mnt/volume_sfo2_01/brick1 server2:/mnt/volume_sfo2_02/brick2 \
> server3:/mnt/volume_sfo2_03/brick3 server4:/mnt/volume_sfo2_04/brick4 \
> server5:/mnt/volume_sfo2_05/brick5 server6:/mnt/volume_sfo2_06/brick6
volume create: data-volume: success: please start the volume to access data
[root@server1 ~]#

查看卷信息

[root@server1 ~]# gluster volume info

Volume Name: data-volume
Type: Distributed-Replicate
Volume ID: 2a2103ab-17e4-47b5-9d4c-96e460ac419c
Status: Created
Snapshot Count: 0
Number of Bricks: 2 x 3 = 6
Transport-type: tcp
Bricks:
Brick1: server1:/mnt/volume_sfo2_01/brick1
Brick2: server2:/mnt/volume_sfo2_02/brick2
Brick3: server3:/mnt/volume_sfo2_03/brick3
Brick4: server4:/mnt/volume_sfo2_04/brick4
Brick5: server5:/mnt/volume_sfo2_05/brick5
Brick6: server6:/mnt/volume_sfo2_06/brick6
Options Reconfigured:
transport.address-family: inet
storage.fips-mode-rchecksum: on
nfs.disable: on
performance.client-io-threads: off
[root@server1 ~]# 

启动卷并查看卷信息和状态信息

[root@server1 ~]# gluster volume start data-volume
volume start: data-volume: success
[root@server1 ~]# gluster volume info
 
Volume Name: data-volume
Type: Distributed-Replicate
Volume ID: 2a2103ab-17e4-47b5-9d4c-96e460ac419c
Status: Started
Snapshot Count: 0
Number of Bricks: 2 x 3 = 6
Transport-type: tcp
Bricks:
Brick1: server1:/mnt/volume_sfo2_01/brick1
Brick2: server2:/mnt/volume_sfo2_02/brick2
Brick3: server3:/mnt/volume_sfo2_03/brick3
Brick4: server4:/mnt/volume_sfo2_04/brick4
Brick5: server5:/mnt/volume_sfo2_05/brick5
Brick6: server6:/mnt/volume_sfo2_06/brick6
Options Reconfigured:
transport.address-family: inet
storage.fips-mode-rchecksum: on
nfs.disable: on
performance.client-io-threads: off
[root@server1 ~]# gluster volume status
Status of volume: data-volume
Gluster process                             TCP Port  RDMA Port  Online  Pid
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Brick server1:/mnt/volume_sfo2_01/brick1    49152     0          Y       9805 
Brick server2:/mnt/volume_sfo2_02/brick2    49152     0          Y       9843 
Brick server3:/mnt/volume_sfo2_03/brick3    49152     0          Y       9690 
Brick server4:/mnt/volume_sfo2_04/brick4    49152     0          Y       9734 
Brick server5:/mnt/volume_sfo2_05/brick5    49152     0          Y       10285
Brick server6:/mnt/volume_sfo2_06/brick6    49152     0          Y       10470
Self-heal Daemon on localhost               N/A       N/A        Y       9826 
Self-heal Daemon on server5                 N/A       N/A        Y       10306
Self-heal Daemon on server2                 N/A       N/A        Y       9864 
Self-heal Daemon on server6                 N/A       N/A        Y       10491
Self-heal Daemon on server3                 N/A       N/A        Y       9711 
Self-heal Daemon on server4                 N/A       N/A        Y       9755 
 
Task Status of Volume data-volume
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
There are no active volume tasks
 
[root@server1 ~]#

客户端安装GlusterFS必要组件

[root@server7 ~]# yum -y install centos-release-gluster
[root@server7 ~]# yum -y install glusterfs glusterfs-fuse glusterfs-rdma

挂载data-volume卷并查看磁盘信息(实际可用存储200GB)

[root@server7 ~]# mount -t glusterfs server6:/data-volume /mnt/
[root@server7 ~]# df -h
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/vda1              60G 1003M   60G   2% /
devtmpfs              897M     0  897M   0% /dev
tmpfs                 920M     0  920M   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs                 920M   17M  903M   2% /run
tmpfs                 920M     0  920M   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
tmpfs                 184M     0  184M   0% /run/user/0
server6:/data-volume  200G  2.1G  198G   2% /mnt
[root@server7 ~]# 

[root@server7 ~]# mount |grep server6
server6:/data-volume on /mnt type fuse.glusterfs (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,default_permissions,allow_other,max_read=131072)
[root@server7 ~]#

查看与服务端节点间通信状态

客户端随机写入文件

[root@server7 ~]# for i in `seq -w 1 20`; do cp -rp /var/log/messages /mnt/copy-test-$i; done
[root@server7 ~]# ls /mnt/
copy-test-01 copy-test-03 copy-test-05 copy-test-07 copy-test-09 copy-test-11 copy-test-13 copy-test-15 copy-test-17 copy-test-19
copy-test-02 copy-test-04 copy-test-06 copy-test-08 copy-test-10 copy-test-12 copy-test-14 copy-test-16 copy-test-18 copy-test-20
[root@server7 ~]#

在服务端节点查看随机写入文件的分布

[root@server1 ~]# ls /mnt/volume_sfo2_01/brick1/
copy-test-04 copy-test-05 copy-test-09 copy-test-15 copy-test-17 copy-test-18 copy-test-20
[root@server1 ~]#

[root@server2 ~]# ls /mnt/volume_sfo2_02/brick2/
copy-test-04 copy-test-05 copy-test-09 copy-test-15 copy-test-17 copy-test-18 copy-test-20
[root@server2 ~]#

[root@server3 ~]# ls /mnt/volume_sfo2_03/brick3/
copy-test-04 copy-test-05 copy-test-09 copy-test-15 copy-test-17 copy-test-18 copy-test-20
[root@server3 ~]#

[root@server4 ~]# ls /mnt/volume_sfo2_04/brick4/
copy-test-01 copy-test-03 copy-test-07 copy-test-10 copy-test-12 copy-test-14 copy-test-19
copy-test-02 copy-test-06 copy-test-08 copy-test-11 copy-test-13 copy-test-16
[root@server4 ~]#

[root@server5 ~]# ls /mnt/volume_sfo2_05/brick5/
copy-test-01 copy-test-03 copy-test-07 copy-test-10 copy-test-12 copy-test-14 copy-test-19
copy-test-02 copy-test-06 copy-test-08 copy-test-11 copy-test-13 copy-test-16
[root@server5 ~]#

[root@server6 ~]# ls /mnt/volume_sfo2_06/brick6/
copy-test-01 copy-test-03 copy-test-07 copy-test-10 copy-test-12 copy-test-14 copy-test-19
copy-test-02 copy-test-06 copy-test-08 copy-test-11 copy-test-13 copy-test-16
[root@server6 ~]#

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